National Parks – Benefits to Human Beings
Extensive and expansive civilization in most parts of the world poses a huge danger to natural resources. Such resources include flora and fauna or simply plants and animals. It is in a bid to conserve such resources that countries have established special places for them. These are the special areas that are usually referred to as national parks or game reserves. Governments usually run or manage such national parks and game reserves.
The importance of national parks to a country cannot be overemphasized. Rare plant species and wildlife form the most important living things in most national parks and they are different from one park to the other or from one country to another. Tourists therefore visit areas where they are sure to see rare species of wildlife and plants. Many countries generate great amounts of revenue from tourism and activities related to tourism. Such incomes definitely translate to a huge Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P) of a country.
National parks usually have different attraction sites and features. A good example is the presence of rare animal species in national parks found in African countries. Animals like lions, elephants, leopards and buffaloes roam most national parks of African countries. However, in other continents, there are other different species of animals that cannot be found in other continents like Africa. Case in point is the presence of Kangaroos in Australia and that of bison in the United States of America.
The modern world has witnessed an increase of national parks being used for recreational activities. Camping and hiking form part of some of the recreational attractions present in modern day national parks. Long distance athletic races like marathons have also started being held in national parks. How is it possible to have recreational activities in national parks? This question is quite significant since many countries do not allow for human-wildlife conflicts.
To understand how recreation activities take place in national parks, it is good to note that such activities cannot happen in all national parks. Only those national parks that allow for recreation without human-wildlife conflicts are used for such purposes. Case in point is the consistent use of the Big Bend national park in the United States of America for hiking activities. This is simply because the park has natural trails away from animal habitats.
Leisure walks and camping also happen inside some national parks. For camping to be conducted, a park that is not inhabited by carnivorous animals comes in handy. Carnivores are very dangerous and may cause harm to humans during camping times. To make parks ideal for such recreational activities, many governments have created a clear demarcation separating animals and areas for recreation.